Before explaining emergency contraception, it is important to know when life begins. The scientific reality is that the very moment the sperm and egg unite (conception) the DNA of the baby is complete. This includes the eye and hair color, gender, body type, etc. Everything is written on that strand of DNA that determines who that baby will be. This is the start of a new life. Conception can occur during sex or even two days after. So, there is no way to know exactly when this new life begins.
The two most common types of emergency contraception are the Morning-After Pill (Plan B One-Step™) and ella®.
The Morning-After Pill or Plan B One-Step™ consists of one pill taken within 72 hours of sex. It contains high doses of hormones, typically the same as those found in birth control pills. These hormones can affect your body in two different ways. The first way can cause delay of ovulation, which would keep you from getting pregnant. The other way may prevent the baby from implanting in the uterus after conception has already taken place, which means the baby would die from lack of nourishment. It is unknown, even by the makers of this pill, which way it actually will work for you in your situation. There is also evidence that use of Plan B One-Step™ may increase the risk of ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
ella ® is an FDA-approved emergency contraceptive for use within five days of unprotected sex or contraceptive failure. It blocks progesterone (a hormone needed for pregnancy) which disrupts the embryo’s attachment to the womb, causing its death.
There are side effects and risks with all methods of emergency contraception, including changes in periods, nausea, abdominal pain, headache, etc*.
All forms of emergency contraception must be taken before you ever know whether conception has taken place or not. Therefore, they all have the potential to terminate or abort an active pregnancy. Our nurse is here to talk with you about these and other options, so contact us today.
Oasis Medical Center does not offer Morning-After Pill or ella.